Commit error. dating craftsman planes that interrupt
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Below you will find a tool for Stanley plane identification, specifically dating Stanley planes and identifying the type of your Stanley Bailey woodworking bench hand planes. Also, stanley type studies like this are most accurate for No. This tool does not work for the Stanley Bedrock planes or transitional planes. Hi guys and ladies I plead total ignorance since I work with steel in my private time. The plane lived on the coast for an unknown time and was rusty. I started to remove rust and old paint and discovered that there was black paint under some blue paint.
The Sears Fall-Winter catalog has an illustration on page of Craftsman open-end wrenches in a wrench holder with concave edges, the same distinctive design as the patented holder with the Merit "AF" set linked above. The wrenches in the illustration have depressed panels with "Craftsman Vanadium" in the underline logo, matching the design of the Craftsman "CI" and "AF" wrenches.
Craftsman "CI" offset box wrenches have a construction style in which the shank meets the box end at the top of the box, giving it a "flat-top" appearance. This same construction style is seen in the Billings Vitalloy offset box wrenches. Although not unique in the industry, many other toolmakers produced offset box wrenches with the shank joining the box end near the center.
The above points establish a strong case for recognizing Billings as the maker of the "AF" and "CI" variants of Craftsman wrenches. We will now offer additional evidence to show that Billings was also the maker of the earliest Craftsman wrenches with "Chrome-Vanadium" forged-in markings, as well as the subsequent "Craftsman Vanadium Steel" wrenches. The first Craftsman tappet wrenches matched the unusual design of the Billings wrenches and had the same model numbers with a "C" prefix as the Billings version.
The matching design and markings provide positive identification of Billings as the maker of the first Craftsman tappet wrenches. These earliest Craftsman tappet wrenches were marked with "Craftsman" and "Chrome-Vanadium" forged into the shank, the same markings found on the earliest Craftsman open-end wrenches. Although the open-end wrenches do not have any unique design characteristics, the matching forged-in markings, the matching "C" prefix to the model numbers, and the fact that both open-end and tappet wrenches were offered at the same time all provide strong evidence for Billings as the maker of the open-end wrenches as well.
These Billings wrenches are very similar to the "Craftsman Vanadium Steel" Wrenches shown in this article. For the cases in which we have both a Craftsman and Billings example, the wrenches are nearly identical in shape, dimensions, and even model number markings, with small differences that one might expect based on production in different factories or at different times.
The Sears Spring-Summer catalog lists a set of six Billings open-end wrenches on pagewith an illustration showing the set in a wrench holder with a distinctive wire loop closure. The same page offers "Craftsman Vanadium Steel" open-end wrenches in a holder with the same wire loop closure, providing good evidence that Billings was also the supplier for the Craftsman wrenches. In summary, the above points provide conclusive evidence that Billings was the maker of Craftsman wrenches, beginning with the earliest "Chrome-Vanadium" open-end and tappet wrenches in and extending through the later "AF" and "CI" open-end, tappet, and box-end wrenches.
After the brief discussion of manufacturer's codes in the previous section, in this section we'll provide a table of the various codes that appear on tools in the articles here. One of the goals of the Craftsman articles is to identify the manufacturers responsible for the various lines of Craftsman tools, and for the associated brands such as Dunlap as well.
Unfortunately it has proven to be fairly difficult to determine the manufacturer associated with some of the codes, and as a result there are still a number of "Unknown" entries in the table.
Currently the table is incomplete, but more codes will be added as new examples are found. In addition, entries will be added to the table for manufacturers identified by specific production or stylistic characteristics, even if no codes were marked on the tools.
This table includes the codes for manufacturers active during the early Craftsman years from the s to the mid s. Additional codes applicable to later years can be seen in the section on Manufacturing Codes, Mid s to s. Appendix A provides extensive reviews of the tool listings in the Sears catalogs from the late s to early s. Since the detailed reviews are sometimes hard to follow for a specific tool type, we have summarized the listings in the table below.
The table is not yet complete, but will be expanded to show the introductory dates of Craftsman tools in the major types covered by our articles here. Photographs and observations of particular tools are based on items in the Alloy Artifacts collection. Product information was obtained from a number of Sears Roebuck general catalogs in the earlier years, and from Craftsman tool catalogs for the years after Detailed notes on the catalog listings can be found in the section on Catalog Reviews.
Sears had been selling tools and hardware for several decades prior to the introduction of the Craftsman brand in This section will show examples of the kinds of tools offered in this early period, using a mix of catalog illustrations and actual photographs when the tools are available.
Fulton was a familiar brand of tools in the early 20th century by virtue of numerous listings for Fulton tools in the Sears Roebuck catalogs. In the pre-Craftsman days, Fulton appeared to be the most popular brand offered by the Sears for tools such as saws, axes, planes, chisels, hammers, pliers, and many other items.
References to Fulton tools appear in Sears catalogs at least as early aswith illustrations showing either "Fulton" or "Fulton Tool Co. Based on the wide variety of Fulton products offered, many of Sears' customers probably assumed that the Fulton Tool Company must be a major manufacturer, and that was our starting assumption as well. However, after an extensive and fruitless search for a Fulton business entity that could account for such a range of products, we eventually concluded that Fulton was not an independent manufacturer after all, but rather an unregistered internal brand used by Sears as a conduit for private branding.
Since some of our readers may be surprised by this conclusion, we'll outline the evidence gathered to date. The most important factor is the lack of advertising or product coverage for Fulton apart from the Sears catalogs.
An independent company would normally not want to rely too heavily on one retailer, so given the wide range of products offered, there should be numerous advertisements and announcements for Fulton products in magazines and trade publications.
Many such publications are now searchable online as part of the "Google Books" effort, but an extensive search turned up no apparent "Fulton Tool" entity that could account for the known range of products.
Craftsman Hand Plane Model Number Comparison, for those asking "Who made my Craftsman Plane"? Some Additional Information from Glen on Millers Falls. Dating the logo. An enormous amount of information and a type study on "A Plane Life" Thanks Greg!! Before the Craftsman brand came about in , Fulton was the top Craftsman tool. Fulton was a familiar brand of tools in the early 20th century by virtue of numerous listings for Fulton tools in the Sears Roebuck catalogs. In the pre-Craftsman days, Fulton appeared to be the most popular brand offered by the Sears for tools such as saws, axes, planes, chisels, . If you have a Stanley bench plane and you want to know roughly when it was made, you've come to the right place. Otherwise perhaps you'd be happier elsewhere. How to use this page Start by reading Patrick Leach's comments on Stanley plane dating. Then check out the Plane Dating Flowchart.
In fact, the only catalog other than Sears known to list Fulton tools is a publication from the United Hardware and Tool Manufacturing Company, which shows an extensive selection of Fulton tools such as wood planes. When we first found this catalog, we attributed Fulton as the "house brand" for United Hardware, but more recent information has identified United Hardware as a manufacturer's agent for the export market. In light of this new information, the listings for Fulton tools in the United Hardware catalog can be interpreted as an effort by Sears to develop export markets for its tool items.
In the figures below we'll show some examples of Fulton tools of probable pre-Craftsman origin, and where possible will identify the manufacturer.
Examples of the continuing use of the Fulton brand in the post-Craftsman era can be found in a section on Later Fulton Tools. Currently many of the known examples of Fulton open-end wrenches are marked with an "CI" code, a code also found on many Craftsman wrenches. This strongly suggests that the maker of the Fulton open-end wrenches also produced Craftsman-branded tools.
The next several figures show examples of Fulton open-end or "S" wrenches with the "CI" code. The inset shows a forged-in "CI" code on the reverse side, a mark frequently seen on both Fulton and Craftsman tools.
The shank is also marked with the fractional sizes forged into the front, with a "CI" manufacturer's code forged into the reverse. The shank is also marked with "8" and "Tool Steel" forged into the front, with "8" and "Drop Forged" forged into the reverse. The overall length is 8. The head thickness was measured at 0.
The markings and construction of this wrench suggest that the maker is likely the Diamond Calk Horseshoe Company. Diamond was active as a contract maker of adjustable wrenches from the s onward, and their production of this era was marked with "Tool Steel" and "Drop Forged". An example of a similar wrench can be seen as the Diamond 8 Inch Adjustable Wrench.
Made in U. The overall length is The finish is plain steel. Sears was probably supplying socket sets for automotive service by or even earlier. By this time the automobile market was growing rapidly and the socket sets produced by Bay State, Mossberg, and others were regarded as effective even essential tools for automotive maintenance. The scan in Fig.
Early Craftsman Tools and Their Makers
This set is easily identifiable as a Bay State No. Within a few years the Frank Mossberg Company had become the prime supplier of socket sets for Sears, as a Justice Tires catalog lists several sets recognizable as Mossberg production, as well as ratchets, tools, and individual sockets. We also have Justice Tires catalogs from,and The catalog has a listing and illustration for the "Aristocrat No.
A somewhat later Justice Tire catalog from lists several socket sets identifiable as Mossberg production, plus a set that appears to be a Packer Auto Specialty "Ray" socket set.
The illustration for the "Aristocrat No. The sockets in the illustration are clearly marked with the Mossberg M-Diamond logo. A second set is called the "Universal Socket Wrench Set", and the illustration shows a large wooden box holding the sockets and drive tools, with a lift-out tray to hold open-end wrenches, pliers and other tools. The distinctive appearance clearly identifies this as the Mossberg No.
In addition to the familiar pressed-steel socket sets, the early Sears catalogs also offered other types of socket tools, such as the socket sets of malleable iron made by the Chicago Manufacturing and Distributing Company. With the thousands of artifacts at Alloy Artifacts it's always difficult to pick a favorite, but this next set would certainly be high on the list.
It offers both an interesting and innovative design with historical importance as our earliest documented example of a socket set sold by Sears Roebuck. The set is labelled with a placard inside the top lid printed with the text "Sears, Roebuck Autokit No. The "Autokit" name and distinctive rotating head ratchet immediately identifies the set as a Bay State No.
The sockets are arranged from smallest to largest beginning left to right with the fourth socket in the bottom row, continuing left to right in the middle row, then continuing right to left in the top row. Currently our earliest catalog reference for this set is from a Sears "Automobile Supplies" catalog, where an illustration and description of the set appears on page 99 under the heading "Aristocrat No. This socket set can be identified as production by Mossberg by the illustration and contents.
Dating craftsman planes
In later catalogs the illustration for this set shows the sockets spilled in front of the box, with the Mossberg M-Diamond logo visible on the sockets. This set can be easily identified as a Mossberg No. The set is functionally identical to the examples shown in our Mossberg article, but is illustrated in a fiberboard case instead of the wooden box or leather cases used for earlier sets.
The catalog page with the Aristocrat socket sets also included other socket-related tools. Tools available separately included the Mossberg No. These items were not identified as the Mossberg brand in the text, but the illustrations for the sockets clearly show the M-Diamond logo.
One of the more significant listings in the Justice Tires catalog is a table offering individual Mossberg hex and square pressed-steel sockets, as this next example shows.
Note that each socket size and type is listed with its own catalog number, and that all sizes carry the same 15 cent price. Although the text doesn't mention the name Mossberg, the illustration clearly shows the Mossberg M-Diamond trademark on the sockets. This catalog listing goes a long way in explaining why old pressed-steel socket sets of any brand frequently include Mossberg replacement sockets. Sears continued to offer Mossberg socket sets at least into the mid s.
This next figure shows a listing for the Aristocrat No. The illustration is a little different from the earlier example, as a number of the sockets are displayed lying in front of the box, and a careful look shows that several sockets are marked with the Mossberg M-Diamond logo. Some of our readers may recognize this as the infamous W. Mystery Ratchet. The illustration shows a set of seven sockets in a box, with a ratchet handle, universal, and extension displayed in front.
The distinctive design of the tools allows the maker to be identified as the Chicago Manufacturing and Distributing Company, and the illustrated set is very similar to the Chicago Manufacturing No.
Note in particular that the illustration shows the "A1" model number on the ratchet handle and the "A25" model on the extension. The socket sizes in the catalog listing differ somewhat from the sizes in the No. The Chicago Manufacturing and Distributing Company was notable for making sockets and drive tools of malleable iron, a less common construction method at a time when pressed-steel sockets were the dominant technology.
The Sears catalogs offered socket sets by Chicago Manufacturing from or earlier until at least the mid s. By the late s Sears was offering socket sets under a number of brands, including Duro-Bilt, Hinsdale, Merit, and others. We have several examples of pre-Craftsman socket sets, from Duro Metal Products, Hinsdale, and other makers, and are currently preparing them for display. The set consists of a No. The No. This ratchet is a familiar tool and further information can be found in the section for the Duro Ratchet.
The pending status for the ratchet and L-T handle places the manufacturing date for the set in the range The sockets are all stamped with the fractional size, and most are marked with a stylized "D" referred to as the Duro D-Trapezoid logo, although the "D" marking has been omitted on at least one socket.
Below you will find a tool for Stanley plane identification, specifically dating Stanley planes and identifying the type of your Stanley Bailey woodworking bench hand planes. There are other good sites for dating stanley planes (like Patrick's Blood and Gore), but I've tried .
The Sears set includes the same drive tools with 14 hex sockets and a screwdriver socket, and the listing even mentions the green metal box. The sheath is stamped "Duro Metal Products Co.
The pending status refers to patent 1,filed by E. Peterson et al in and issued in The sheath can be placed either over the short end of the bar to form a Tee-handle, as in the photograph here, or placed on the long end of the bar as a grip and extender. The sheath can be completely removed from the bar if not needed.
The sockets are stamped with the Duro D-Trapezoid logo on each side of the fractional size, except that the 1 inch socket has only one "D" logo.
The sockets have a band of cross-hatched knurling at the service end, with the knurling coarse enough to assist with turning a nut by hand. The and Sears catalogs offer a number of "DuroBilt" brand socket sets, and the tools in the illustrations closely resemble the sets from Duro Metal Products and Indestro Manufacturing. See our article on Duro and Indestro for more information on these important companies.
Although these Duro-Bilt sets are now seldom found, we have acquired two examples of the sets and can confirm that Duro Metal Products was the manufacturer. Our first Duro-Bilt set is listed in the Sears catalog as the "Piece Wrench Set" and consists of drive tools and sockets in a hinged metal case.
The catalog listing is on pagefor any readers with this Sears catalog. A check of the contents with the catalog listing showed that our set is nearly complete, with only a few pieces missing. The ratchet's patent status, together with the known catalog reference, places the manufacturing date for the set around The decal matches the one shown in the Sears catalog, making the identification of the set quite certain.
The origin of this set means that it predates the Craftsman C-Series Socket Sets by a year or two. We were fortunate to acquire an example of this set, as presented in the next figure. The set is marked with a Duro-Bilt decal on the inside lid, badly chipped but still mostly readable. Readers can refer to the DuroBilt Decal shown with another set for a more readable example.
All of the sockets are stamped with the fractional size, but only three of the original sockets are marked with the Duro D-Trapezoid logo. The finish is nickel plating. The nickel finish of these tools provides a estimate for the production year, based on the nickel finish noted in Sears catalog, but with cadmium plating noted in the following year.
This next figure shows an example of a Hinsdale socket set believed to have been the first alloy-steel socket set offered by Sears, based on the listing in the Sears Spring-Summer catalog. This extensive collection consists of long and short speeders, a ratchet and drive plug, a TL-1 handle, an extension, a universal, a screwdriver bit, 21 hex sockets, and 10 square sockets.
As promised by the "Cadmium Plated Rust Proof" sticker on the cover, all of the tools and sockets have a cadmium finish. Our set was acquired in good condition, but is missing six drain plug sockets and a valve grinder attachment, based on the Sears catalog listing noted below. The catalog listing notes the hip roof toolbox and the inventory of tools matches well, including the 21 hex and 10 square sockets of alloy steel. The same set was listed again in the Sears Spring-Summer catalog. Based on a review of the Sears catalogs, this Hinsdale set appears to have been the first alloy-steel socket set offered by Sears.
This set is listed in our article on Hinsdale as the Hinsdale "Mechanics" Socket Setwith additional photographs and information. Introduction This is the first of several articles covering Craftsman brand tools. Craftsman History The story of the Sears Craftsman brand begins in with the registration of the Craftsman trademark.
The Origin of Manufacturer's Codes One well-known but undocumented ct of Craftsman tools is the presence of a manufacturer's code marking on most although not all tools. A Hypothetical Scenario To help understand how the manufacturer's codes might have arisen, imagine that you are the manager of a tool company in the s, and that your company has recently signed a contract with Sears to produce tools for their new Craftsman brand.
Further Discussion Although the hypothetical scenario above may not capture all of the details of the manufacturer's code system, it's plausible that at least some parts of this dialogue could have occurred, and probably on multiple occasions.
Why are the early examples of some tools not marked with a manufacturer's code? Why do some manufacturer's codes appear to be mnemonics for the maker's name? Why has Sears never published a list of its manufacturer's codes for hand tools?
Could one manufacturer use multiple manufacturer's codes? Case Studies for Manufacturer's Codes In this section we plan to include discussions of how certain manufacturer's codes were successfully attributed to a particular maker.
Table of Manufacturing Codes After the brief discussion of manufacturer's codes in the previous section, in this section we'll provide a table of the various codes that appear on tools in the articles here.
Block letters J. Danielson Observed on earlier Craftsman Vanadium adjustable wrenches. Also noted on Dunlap Pliers. Found on open-end, box-end, and combination wrenches. Identified by patented clip on Merit 6-Piece Wrench Set. Found on Craftsman pliers, e. Craftsman Angle-Nose Pliers. This way I not bothering those who do not want that. I plan on shutting everything down in the next days. Again Thank You! Craftsman Planes. Posts Latest Activity.
Sep 15, Craftsman Hand Planes Dating Sargent Fulton Millers Falls Union Mfg Co. Unknown Planes. A History of the Fulton Model and Cast Iron Bench Planes Sold by Sears, Roebuck & Co. Greg Ricketts, September 15, Here is a Brass Badged Sargent Made Craftsman #C. I don't normally restore Craftsman planes anymore. Dec 29, Hand Planes Intro This is going to be an ever changing (enlarging) blog meant to give new users the information they need in understanding hand planes. There are lots of different hand plane guides available, both free on the net and in book form. Sep 05, Craftsman planes could have been made by Sargent, Fulton, Millers Falls, Stanley and probably some others out there. Craftsman pretty much contracted it out to whoever was the low bidder at the time. At least, back in the day, the options available were of better quality than typically found today.
Page of 1. Filtered by:. Previous template Next. Craftsman PlanesPM. Usually pass by these planes even though they do not command high prices. And the newer ones, quality was over taken by quantity, even Stanley's suffered the same fate.
The usual makers of the Craftsman where Sargent and Miller Falls and the early models where not that bad of a plane. This number 4 style has a few nice surprise's to it, condition considering it's age and wooden tote and knob.
Casting is very good condition along with the blade and cap iron Another surprise which I will show later, but that is if anyone is interested Do not let the red frog throw you Tags: None. Nice looking plane.
Definitely some gems out there if you know what to look for. I'd like to see the surprise - might it be related to the lever cap as you haven't shown a picture of it yet? You'll never reach it.
Buy them. It. Dating miller falls planes with john reed fox. Join date is a type 6 dating sargent planes, fulton was the craftsman, even old plane dating record hand tools from t0 Get a device that a type 6 dating from their main content. Craftsman Planes , PM. Usually pass by these planes even though they do not command high prices. And the newer ones, quality was over taken by quantity, even Stanley's suffered the same fate. The usual makers of the Craftsman where Sargent and Miller Falls and the early models where not that bad of a plane. Don could fill you in better on Sargent details, but their block planes for Sears are obviously not MF or Stanley. Anything marked is earlier, and is a name-changed holdout from the original Fulton line that Sears had out in the decades before WWII and the Craftsman name. Dating these is a bit harder than it is for bench planes.
Comment Post Cancel. Your right on the money trc I did put a coat of Renaissance Wax on it Going to put an edge on the blade maybe tomorrow to see how it works That is a great looking cap! From what little I've seen of Craftsman planes, that looks to be a rather unique logo.
Restoring a Stanley #4 Hand Plane
Most I've seen do not have a raised ring around the Craftsman name. Have any more info on the age? Last edited by trc65 ;PM. Sargent made there brass insert lever cap planes between to A limited edition. Might hold true for the Craftsman plane Other than that I really cant find very much info on the Craftsman's plane history.
Not because I own a few Sargent planes, I think there just as good as a Stanley of the same era. I do have a Stanley type 9 4 and the Craftsman feels a little bit heavier, sole does look a little bit thicker.
In it something is. Earlier I thought differently, I thank for the help in this question.05.02.2020|Reply